Boost + Android? CrystaX NDK!
2015.01.20 14:40

你是否代码中使用了Boost C++库? 你是否想轻松移植这些代码到Android? 或者你只是想使用Boost开始创建一个Android平台的新项目? 通过CrystaX NDK 10.1.0, 你就可以同时拥有Android原生开发套件和Boost C++库!

接下来看看如何实现.

首先我假设你使用标准的NDK build方式, 包括使用Application.mkAndroid.mk文件. 以下是一个最简单的项目,只有native部分的运行程序:

.
└── jni
    ├── Android.mk
    ├── Application.mk
    └── test.cpp

初始化文件
Application.mk
# Application.mk
APP_ABI := all
Android.mk
# Android.mk
LOCAL_PATH := $(call my-dir)

include $(CLEAR_VARS)
LOCAL_MODULE    := test-boost
LOCAL_SRC_FILES := test.cpp
include $(BUILD_EXECUTABLE)
test.cpp
// test.cpp
#include <iostream>

int main()
{
    return 0;
}

添加Boost

现在来扩展成一个简单的Boost-enabled项目. 这里使用Boost序列化库示例; 其他库类似. 唯一区别是Android.mk中的引用库名称.

首先,添加源文件 (使用 official Boost example):

gps.hpp
// gps.hpp
#ifndef GPS_HPP_7D5AF29629F64210BE00F3AF697BA650
#define GPS_HPP_7D5AF29629F64210BE00F3AF697BA650

// include headers that implement a archive in simple text format
#include <boost/archive/text_oarchive.hpp>
#include <boost/archive/text_iarchive.hpp>

/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// gps coordinate
//
// illustrates serialization for a simple type
//
class gps_position
{
private:
    friend class boost::serialization::access;
    friend std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &, gps_position const &);
    // When the class Archive corresponds to an output archive, the
    // & operator is defined similar to <<.  Likewise, when the class Archive
    // is a type of input archive the & operator is defined similar to >>.
    template<class Archive>
    void serialize(Archive & ar, const unsigned int version)
    {
        ar & degrees;
        ar & minutes;
        ar & seconds;
    }
    int degrees;
    int minutes;
    float seconds;
public:
    gps_position(){}
    gps_position(int d, int m, float s) :
        degrees(d), minutes(m), seconds(s)
    {}

    bool operator==(gps_position const &g) const
    {
        return degrees == g.degrees &&
            minutes == g.minutes &&
            seconds == g.seconds;
    }

    bool operator!=(gps_position const &g) const
    {
        return !(*this == g);
    }
};

void save(gps_position const &g);
void load(gps_position &g);

#endif // GPS_HPP_7D5AF29629F64210BE00F3AF697BA650
gps.cpp
// gps.cpp
#include <fstream>

#include "gps.hpp"

const char *FILENAME = "gps.dat";

std::ostream &operator<<(std::ostream &s, gps_position const &g)
{
    s << "GPS(" << g.degrees << "/" << g.minutes << "/" << g.seconds << ")";
    return s;
}

void save(gps_position const &g)
{
    // create and open a character archive for output
    std::ofstream ofs(FILENAME);
    boost::archive::text_oarchive oa(ofs);
    // write class instance to archive
    oa << g;
    // archive and stream closed when destructors are called
}

void load(gps_position &g)
{
    // create and open an archive for input
    std::ifstream ifs(FILENAME);
    boost::archive::text_iarchive ia(ifs);
    // read class state from archive
    ia >> g;
    // archive and stream closed when destructors are called
}

其次, 修改test.cpp做点实际的事情:

test.cpp
// test.cpp
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include "gps.hpp"

int main()
{
    // create class instance
    const gps_position g(35, 59, 24.567f);
    std::cout << "Initial value: " << g << std::endl;
    save(g);

    // ... some time later restore the class instance to its orginal state
    gps_position newg;
    load(newg);
    std::cout << "After load: " << newg << std::endl;

    if (g != newg)
    {
        std::cerr << "ERROR: Loaded object differs from the saved one" << std::endl;
        return 1;
    }

    std::cout << "Congratulations! GPS object was successfully saved and then loaded" << std::endl;
    return 0;
}

最后,修改Android.mk包含以上文件,启用Boost Serialization:

Android.mk
# Android.mk
LOCAL_PATH := $(call my-dir)

include $(CLEAR_VARS)
LOCAL_MODULE           := test-boost
LOCAL_SRC_FILES        := test.cpp gps.cpp
LOCAL_STATIC_LIBRARIES := boost_serialization_static
# Or, if you need to link with Boost Serialization library dynamically:
#LOCAL_SHARED_LIBRARIES := boost_serialization_shared
include $(BUILD_EXECUTABLE)

$(call import-module,boost/1.57.0)

现在这个示例项目如下所示:

.
└── jni
    ├── Android.mk
    ├── Application.mk
    ├── gps.cpp
    ├── gps.hpp
    └── test.cpp

最终结果

Ok, 完成了! 来看看如何编译运行. 注意这里ndk-build使用了APP_ABI参数armeabi-v7a; 只是示例,其他所有ABIs都一样可用.

$ ndk-build APP_ABI=armeabi-v7a
[armeabi-v7a] Compile++ thumb: test-boost <= test.cpp
[armeabi-v7a] Compile++ thumb: test-boost <= gps.cpp
[armeabi-v7a] Prebuilt       : libgnustl_shared.so <= <NDK>/sources/cxx-stl/gnu-libstdc++/4.9/libs/armeabi-v7a/thumb/
[armeabi-v7a] Executable     : test-boost
[armeabi-v7a] Prebuilt       : libboost_atomic.so <= <NDK>/sources/boost/1.57.0/libs/armeabi-v7a/
[armeabi-v7a] Install        : libcrystax.so => libs/armeabi-v7a/libcrystax.so
[armeabi-v7a] Install        : test-boost => libs/armeabi-v7a/test-boost
[armeabi-v7a] Install        : libgnustl_shared.so => libs/armeabi-v7a/libgnustl_shared.so

$ adb push libs/armeabi-v7a/libcrystax.so /data/local/tmp
1231 KB/s (537036 bytes in 0.425s)

$ adb push libs/armeabi-v7a/libgnustl_shared.so /data/local/tmp
1234 KB/s (718448 bytes in 0.568s)

$ adb push libs/armeabi-v7a/test-boost /data/local/tmp
840 KB/s (50536 bytes in 0.058s)

$ adb shell 'cd /data/local/tmp && LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/data/local/tmp ./test-boost'
Initial value: GPS(35/59/24.567)
After load: GPS(35/59/24.567)
Congratulations! GPS object was successfully saved and then loaded

如你所见,不用修改任何代码就可用了 - 代码跟其他桌面和移动平台完全一样. 而且在所有平台的运行表现也一样. Android从2.3 (API level 9)开始支持.

印象深刻吧? 现在就来体验 CrystaX NDK 吧!

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